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Evidence of a Stun Gun

Page history last edited by -searchinGirl 1 year, 1 month ago

The Stun Gun


No stun gun was ever found, but marks found on JBR's body were consistent with a stun gun; hence there is a fierce debate over whether a stun gun was used on JBR. A stun gun seems most consistent with an intruder theory, as there is no evidence the Ramseys owned a stun gun.


Effects of Stun Guns


Robert Stratbucker has written a technical paper on the physiological effects of stun guns. "The stun gun is designed to key into the nervous system. It dumps its energy into the muscles at a high pulse frequency that makes the muscles work very rapidly, but not very efficiently.  This rapid work cycle depletes blood sugar by converting it into lactic acid all in just seconds. The resulting  energy loss makes it difficult  to move and function. At the same time, the tiny neurological  impulses that travel throughout  the body to direct muscle movement  are interrupted.  This causes disorientation and loss of balance, leaving the attacker in a passive and confused  condition for several minutes. Still there is no significant effect on the heart and other organs. As a general rule, a 1/4 second contact will repel and startle the attacker, giving intense pain and muscle contraction.  One to two seconds will cause intense pain, muscle spasms and a dazed mental state, this may drop the attacker to the ground. Over three seconds will cause intense pain, loss of balance, loss of muscle control,  mental confusion  and disorientation.  Generally any charge over three seconds will cause the aggressor to fall to the ground. The aggressor will be unable to recover for several minutes and effects may last for up to fifteen minutes. 


Jaycee Dugard  was 11 years old when she was abducted after being stun-gunned.  The following are excerpts from the 135 pages of Jaycee Dugard's grand jury testimony unsealed by El Dorado County Superior Court Judge Douglas Phimister: "And all of a sudden, his hand shoots out of the car window, and I feel this shock. And I stumble back into the, into the bushes. And... He gets out and I stumble back into the bushes. I'm sitting now in the bushes, trying to get away, but I feel like my whole body is — wouldn't work. It was tingly and I can't

— nothing works. All of a sudden, I'm in the car, and there's something on top of me, and I feel like there's pressure on me. ... I was put on the floorboard and then something thrown on top of me, and then legs, pressure, face down. I don't know what happened after that because I think I — because I don't remember the car pulling away, or I felt like I blacked out or something".


The Ramseys did not own Stun Gun. In their book, John Ramsey describes  going to a spy store due to his concerns about risks to Access Graphics related to electronic bugging: "As we left, the clerk gave me a videotape catalog to take home. When I returned to Boulder, I threw it into a drawer and completely forgot about the tape. I surmise that as the police went through everything in our house, they found the video catalog, which apparently turned out to have an advertisement for....you got it....stun guns! Not too long after that the police reported to the media that they had found a stun gun "instructional  video" in the Ramsey house. So on the one hand they were supporting the stun gun theory, but on the other hand they were not indirectly saying that I had used this weapon on my daughter. Of course, for a period of time the video created a significant uproar and cast further suspicion on me. Later we got a copy of the video catalog from the store in Coral Gables, and found it was recorded in Spanish! Not only had I never reviewed the tape; if I had I wouldn't have understood it" (Ramsey and Ramsey, 2001: 195).




In principle, exhumation of JBR's body might have resolved the uncertainty about whether a stun gun was used but parents do not control exhumation decisions. Law Enforcement preferences may override parental wishes. While they will certainly listen seriously to parental concerns, LE always had the authority  to override this. It wouldn't make sense to let suspects in a case be able to control such a critical decision. There is still a preference in modern courtrooms to not disturb the body unless it is of dire importance.  And

religious and personal requests from the family are always considered and given quite a bit of weight. In order to get a court order the family is always consulted by the judge and LE has to have a really GOOD reason for wanting to do it. John Ramsey was opposed to exhumation. “We had buried our child, she was at peace, she was safe. That was just an abhorrent

thought  to me,”.


Boulder DA Alex Hunter considered the stun gun theory -"iffy." He talked to the police about exhuming JonBenet's body, but they were against it" (Schiller 1999a:466).  It had earlier been reported by investigate reporter Lawrence Schiller that in January 1998, Boulder District Attorney Alex Hunter said "Every rock must be turned over, and if that means swabbing everyone's mouth or exhuming JonBenet's body, that's what the police will have to do." 


Forensic  Evidence  


The strongest  case for a stun gun was made by Lou Smit, a retired detective hired by Boulder DA Alex Hunter. No Apparent Struggle by JBR. "Because it is logical to assume that  JonBenet would struggle against an attacker she did not already know, the use of a stun gun helps to explain why no evidence of a struggle was found in any of the bedrooms  in defendants'  home. (SMF P 143; PSMF P 143.)" (Carnes 2003:98). "Moreover, defendants have presented the testimony of Dr. Michael Doberson, a forensic pathologist  who examined the Boulder Coroner's autopsy report and autopsy photos, and who concluded that the injuries to "the right side of the face as well as on the lower left back are patterned injuries most consistent with the application  of a stun gun." (Report of Michael Doberson, M.D., Ph.D. at 5(A) attach. as Ex. 3 to Defs.' Ex. Vol. I, Part A.)." (Carnes 2003:98). "Defendants'  evidence that a stun gun was used, then, stands unrebutted. In other words, plaintiff has failed to produce evidence that creates a material dispute of fact on this point or that offers an alternative explanation for the origin of these marks, other than a stun gun. Accordingly,  the Court concludes that the undisputed facts indicate that a stun gun was used in the commission of the murder." (Carnes 2003:98-99).




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